Colorado has 54 mountain peaks exceeding 14,000 feet (known as "fourteeners" or "14ers" by locally) — the most of any state. Outdoor enthusiasts of all skill levels will find peaks ranging from easy to very difficult, with hiking trails for exploring the state's scenery, wildlife and rugged beauty.
Some of the Colorado's best-known fourteeners include the tallest, Mount Elbert (14,433 feet); Pikes Peak (14,110), which inspired the poem "America the Beautiful"; and Longs Peak (14,255), which resides inside Rocky Mountain National Park.
The reward for reaching the summit of one of these giants? Some of the most breathtaking views you'll find anywhere on the planet. But it's important to know a few things before you head out to these massive Colorado fourteeners.
Be Aware of the Effects of Altitude
While climbing up a fourteener can lead you to breathtaking views, the thinner air can lead to altitude sickness. Altitude sickness is brought on by a lack of oxygen to your body and a failure to acclimate to air that has less oxygen. It can be caused by going too high, too fast.
The problem is, everyone's body has a different rate of acclimating, so it's important to be aware of any changes you feel. The most widely felt symptom is a headache, but other symptoms include shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, marked fatigue and weakness. If you experience any of these, just follow the simple guidelines below and let others know you're not feeling 100 percent. Symptoms often improve once your body adapts to the higher elevation, but you need to be patient — and most importantly, keep hydrated and take it easy.
• Drink plenty of water; replenishing fluids helps to stabilize your body.
• Take it easy; don’t over-exert yourself.
• Experts recommend eating a high carbohydrate diet while at altitude.
• Keep alcohol intake and smoking to a minimum.
• Remember that altitude sickness can affect anybody, even top-flight athletes.
• Most importantly: if you're not feeling well, let someone know.
Leave No Trace
Colorado has the great fortune of having these 54 majestic fourteeners right in our backyard. But every year, an increasing number of hikers and climbers attempt to ascend one of these peaks, impacting the alpine environment. It is up to those who love these mountains to minimize damage to their fragile ecosystems. The Leave No Trace (LNT) program is dedicated to building awareness, appreciation, and most of all, respect for our public recreation places. It is not based on rules and regulations as much as attitude and awareness.
Please be sure to follow the Leave No Trace principles so that future generations can continue to enjoy Colorado's breathtaking mountains:
• Rest on rock, not on vegetation.
• Leave what you find, including flowers and berries.
• Pack out all food; don't throw it on the ground.
• Conduct bathroom stops at least 200 feet from bodies of water.
• Pack out toilet paper in plastic bags.
• Stay on designated trails and don't cut across switchbacks.
• Walk through puddles on the trail, not around them, to avoid creating wider or multiple trails.
• Spread out when walking in areas where there is no trail.
• Avoid loose rock debris covering a slope; use the most stable route.
For more information on the fourteeners in Colorado, including a complete list, visit the Colorado Fourteeners Initiative.