9 Native American Sites to Explore

We can’t very well discuss Colorado’s true roots without remembering our earliest inhabitants. The following sites and museums will have your imagination floating back in time to the first and most fascinating human experiences in Colorado.

By: Colorado.com Staff Writer
Updated: March 22, 2024

1. Mesa Verde National Park

Inside the national treasure of Mesa Verde National Park near Cortez are more than 600 dwellings carved out of rock thousands of years ago by the area’s Ancestral Puebloans. They sit abandoned by their creators beneath protective cliffs. Come see the Southwestern landscape through new eyes: climb ancient staircases, marvel at the sandstone masonry and peer through rock-carved windows into the past.

2. Ute Indian Museum

The lives and ways of the Utes — the indigenous inhabitants of western Colorado — are commemorated at the Ute Indian Museum in Montrose, one of the few in the country devoted to a single tribe. Be sure to watch the video on the traditional bear dance, visit the memorial to Chief Ouray and see the grave of his wife Chipeta. Surrounding walking trails provide a peaceful place to reflect after your visit.

3. Ute Council Tree

Once a 200-plus-year-old cottonwood where it's been claimed that Chief Ouray, his wife Chipeta and Ouray’s braves met with white settlers to smoke the pipe of peace and settle their differences, what remains of the Ute Council Tree in Delta is a 23-foot stump. Chipeta was said to have been the only Native American woman ever permitted to sit in council meetings. The site, still considered a cultural landmark, is accompanied by a sign placed by the Delta County Historical Society.

4. Canyons of the Ancients National Monument

There are more than 6,000 documented archaeological sites in this “outdoor museum,” but most are not marked or obvious to the untrained eye. Read: Fewer crowds, but a find-it-yourself approach. A great starting point is the Canyons of the Ancients Visitor Center & Museum in Dolores, which provides information on exploring the monument, as well as exhibits on archaeology and local history, two 12th-century archaeological sites and a nature trail.

5. Hovenweep National Monument

Near Canyons of the Ancients, Hovenweep National Monument’s six prehistoric, Puebloan-era villages are spread over a 20-mile expanse of mesa tops and canyons. Explore the Square Tower Group to get a first glimpse of the Puebloans’ expert masonry. Still-standing circular towers, walls with pictographs, kivas (ceremonial underground rooms), stone dams and more can be found along several short hiking trails.

6. Plains Conservation Center, Aurora

At Plains Conservation Center, see how two contrasting cultures converged on the Colorado prairie by examining the re-created camps of the nomadic Cheyenne tribe and visiting Wells Crossing, an 1887 pioneer outpost with two homesteads, a school house, a blacksmith shop, an heirloom garden and a chicken coop.

7. Sand Creek Massacre Site

A visit to this site ­­(the only Civil War site in Colorado) in Eads uncovers the seldom-told story of an unprovoked attack on a group of Cheyenne and Arapaho people. In 1864, a group of 675 U.S. volunteer cavalry slaughtered over 160 men, women and children who were camped under the protection of the American flag. Learn about how the horrific Sand Creek Massacre forever changed the course of history for the Cheyenne and Arapaho nations and the country.

8. Crow Canyon Archaeological Center

Founded on the principle of the general public playing a role in archaeology, the Crow Canyon Archaeological Center in Cortez is a living history area provides everyone in the family with the opportunity to discover something. Learn the history of the Ancient Puebloans on a research program as a citizen scientist at an excavation site. 

9. Southern Ute Museum

Merging the past and present of the Ute Tribe, the Southern Ute Museum in Ignacio, with its metal cone tower, sticks out of the landscape like a beacon. Taking the visitor from prehistory to modern day through photo panels, audio-visual presentations and interactive exhibits, the space celebrates traditions and accomplishments of this tribe. Make sure to see the KSUT Public Radio permanent exhibit — what began as a small tribal radio station has become a regional favorite. 

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