Santa Fe Trail

Santa Fe Trail

The Santa Fe Trail between Missouri and Santa Fe, in what was once Mexico, ran through the southeast corner of Colorado.


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Santa Fe Trail

At a Glance
Start Point
Colorado/Kansas border on Highway 50
188 miles
End Point
Colorado/New Mexico border on I-25
Best Time of the Year
Drive Time
4 hours
Canyons & Plains
Electric Byway
Santa Fe Trail map

Trip Tips

This scenic byway is peppered with ranches and farms and you can stock up on deliciously fresh produce at roadside stands as you drive.

Stretch your legs on Bent’s Old Fort Hiking Trail, a 1.5-mile jaunt that travels along the Arkansas River; it boasts bountiful wildlife and a marsh.

Fill up your gas tank before visiting Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site due to its remote location.

This reliable route was traversed by a bevy of fortune-seeking individuals, including "Wild" Bill Hickok, frontiersman Kit Carson, Jedediah Smith and explorer Zebulon Pike. Today, you can explore the path once taken by these folk heroes.

Start in Lamar at its Colorado Welcome Center, then explore town history with visits to Lamar Theatre, a beautiful 1946 art-deco building, and Big Timbers Museum, which houses a World War I poster collection. Shore Arts Center warrants a stop for its performing-arts programming and gallery.

Next, learn about controversial American history with a detour to Amache National Historic Site east of Lamar and Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site to the north. Amache is the former site of a World War II internment camp known as Camp Amache or the Granada Relocation Center, which housed more than 7,000 Japanese people, most of whom were American citizens at the time. The Sand Creek Massacre site memorializes another atrocity, where U.S. volunteer soldiers viciously attacked a village of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians in 1864, resulting in 230 American Indian deaths — mostly women, children and the elderly.

Back on the byway (now U.S. 50 heading west), you’ll pass through Las Animas and by John Martin Reservoir State Park, the second-largest body of water in Colorado. Two rare birds — the piping plover and the interior least tern — can be spotted along the lakeshore in summer. It’s also an official stop on the Plover Trail, part of the network of Colorado Birding TrailsCamping and picnic grounds are available in the state park. Plan a stop at Boggsville Historic Site, a restored mid-19th-century settlement remembered as an early Colorado agriculture and trade center.

For another worthy detour, hop off the byway in La Junta and follow signs to Bent’s Old Fort National Historic Site. Founded in 1833 by brothers William and Charles Bent and their partner, Ceran St. Vrain, this reconstructed fort was a trading post strategically located between fur trappers in the Rockies, traders on their way to Santa Fe, and Cheyenne, Arapaho and Kiowa Indians who hunted in the area. La Junta, an Official Colorado Main Street Community, is also home to the Koshare Museum, opened in 1949 by a group of Boy Scouts inspired by American Indian culture. Tip: Check the fort's official website for when it's open while you're planning; its hours can change during different seasons. 

As you head southwest on U.S. 350 through Comanche National Grassland, look closely and you’ll see this area is full of life. Falcons and hawks search for prey, songbirds flit from the grasses and antelope graze in the meadows. In late summer, the roadside is inundated with sunflowers.

End your tour in Trinidad, a small city with a quaint Victorian downtown. It’s recognized as another Official Colorado Main Street Community and for its historic El Corazón de Trinidad Creative District replete with local artists, artisans and galleries. Stop by the historic Baca House, a grand adobe house that Felipe and Dolores Baca acquired for 22,000 pounds of wool in 1873. On the same site, you can visit Bloom Mansion, another historic home that's part of the Trinidad History Museum, and the Santa Fe Trail Museum, which displays family heirlooms and commercial goods of the time.

Ready for more? Extend your trip by driving south 20 minutes along I-25 to Raton Pass, located at the Colorado-New Mexico border. Cutting through the Sangre de Cristo mountains, this Santa Fe Trail segment is both scenic and challenging to travelers of yore.

The Santa Fe Trail byway loosely follows the Arkansas River to the New Mexico–Colorado border.

Events on the calendar: Trinidaddio Blues FestHigh Plains Snow Goose Festival in Lamar, Bent’s Old Fort Living History Encampment near La Junta


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